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THE UNLF GOVERNMENT MOVES TO KAMPALA

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THE UNLF GOVERNMENT MOVES TO KAMPALA Empty THE UNLF GOVERNMENT MOVES TO KAMPALA

Post by sol_drethedon on Mon Apr 08, 2013 11:07 pm

THE UNLF GOVERNMENT MOVES TO KAMPALA

The arrival of the UNLF government in Kampala marked a new era in the political struggles in Uganda. The new government received overwhelming support throughout the whole country. This was manifested in the almost spontaneous response at mammoth rallies held throughout the country in the first two months of the victory over Idi Amin's fascist army. The people support for the UNLF and it's government represented their condemnation of the overthrown military dictatorship. Condemnation followed upon condemnation at all the rallies. In response, the UNLF promised the country a cure for all the evils that had faced Uganda in the economic and political fields. The UNLF social and political programs would be based, it was declared, on the four cardinal principals of the Front. The principles answered the four burning issues facing the country.

The first, national unity, answered the people's desire for unity and peace. The whole period of Uganda's independence had been characterized by disunity intensified by religious, ethnic and political party rivalry. These rivalries had undermined the unity of the country that was so fundamental if Uganda were to exist and be consolidated into a nation. The UNLF promised to remove the old animosities and divisions and promised to build a new United Uganda

The second principle, democracy, was a response to the country's condemnation of dictatorship represented in the eight years of military rule, but which had it's roots in the earlier period of civilian rule. Democracy was promised as an answer to this phenomenon and it was declared that national unity in any case was not achieved without democracy. The UNLF was to re-establish and develop the democratic institutions and processes, and this it was to do in the initial 2 years by extending the UNLF to the people as institutions of democratic power through the establishment of branches, and by expanding both the NCC and NEC, to ensure that Ugandans that didn't attend the Moshi unity conference had a voice in these organs of the Front. Lastly, The UNLF would as soon as possible -- but not later than 2years after total liberation of the country from Amin's troops--on the basis of Universal Adult suffrage, to result into a national government to which the UNLF would hand over power.

The third principle, National independence, was aimed at assuring Ugandans that never again would a foreign-backed dictatorship like Amin's relying on mercenary troops, exercise power in Uganda on behalf of it's foreign masters. It emphasized the need to consolidate and protect their hard-won national sovereignty -- and to do this on the basis of a democratically achieved national unity, which was, but the same thing. Ugandans were reminded of their earlier struggles, which led to Uganda being recognized as a free member in the community of nations, and they were urged to be consistently conscious of the need to build their nation, without which there could be no social progress for the people.

This latter point constituted the fourth principle of the UNLF. It was pointed out to the people that the last eight years if not more had seen their increased impoverishment, manifested in the break down of the national economy and replaced by a magendo economy. A hand full of mafuta mingi who had emerged as a result of the magendo economy milked the country on behalf of their masters. They were satisfied with the printing of paper money upon which they called themselves 'millionaires' without generating any production. The peasantry and the working class could only survive on a subsistence economy, and partly by taking part in smuggling and other magendo activities. This had brought the country to economic ruin and the economic and social condition of the masses of the people, including the middle class, had been retarded. Social progress therefore became a burning issue, to which the UNLF government had to address itself in a concrete way by first rehabilitating the economy, and then working out a social economic policy that would answer to the needs of the entire population. To do so, the UNLF declared to wage a relentless struggle against the mafuta mingi as a class and against the magendo economy.

With these broad democratic positions,the country expected to settle down and get on with the job of of national reconstruction, while at the same time setting in motion the mechanics for the holding of elections in 1981. Moreover, a new Ugandan army, police, prison and security had to be built. State institutions had to reflect the nation as a whole on the basis of the broad principles. But dictatorial tendencies began to emerge, and disunity among the leadership began to manifest itself because of foreign interference engineered by the British.


To Be Continued

COMPILED BY DON DRE.
sol_drethedon
sol_drethedon

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