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Post by sol_drethedon on Thu Jul 19, 2012 8:15 pm

After Ibingira had emerged as a powerful figure and had succeeded in expelling from the party nine left-wing members including professor Dani Wadada Nabudere, his faction,(by far the largest in the executive committee) began to tighten its grip on the party. they now threw out the progressive leadership in the UPC Buganda region and replaced it with former KY supporters. All this was given tacit support by Obote. The destruction of the left, contrary to Obote's calculations, weakened his hold on the party as well. His calculation that Ibingira would be easier to direct than Kakonge misfired. Ibingira cultivated his own support in the party with plenty of dollar bills, to the enstrangemant of Obote. Obote was left with three ministers or so supporting him in the cabinet. With the dollar, Ibingira was becoming a real authority against Obote in the party. this gave the right wing a lot of confidence, enabling it to suppress any democratic process in the party.The youth's wing's right to organize the masses, formerly uncurtailed, was now restricted. A new puppet youth league was now recognized, led by Ibingira's supporter, Mathew Rukikaire, and the old one led by the militant youth leader Raiti Omongin, was disbanded and disorganized after the latter was expelled from the party.

Efforts by Obote to contain the situation in 1963, by getting King Mutesa elected president of Uganda, only helped to fan the rivalry between the two. the whole question of finding an appropriate job for King Mutesa was the subject of the 'monumental business' of amending the Constitution. According to the minister of state, Grace Ibingira, the changeover from the queen as head of state to a Ugandan head of state to be elected under the constitutional amendment would 'sever Uganda from the nexus of imperial rule and enable Uganda to become a truly African, independent, sovereign state'. henceforth Uganda was to be neither a kingdom nor a republic but simply a 'sovereign state' , with the president as the head of state.

Although the usual make-believe antics took place of creating equal opportunity but not equal conditions for election of the president from among 'hereditary rulers', it was known from the beginning that Obote intended King Mutesa to be elected. To make the whole thing look genuine, even a new hierarchy of 'rulers' was created for the occasion. A law was passed creating 'constitutional heads' in all districts having no 'hereditary rulers', to stand alongside the existing 'kings' if only to ensure that democracy was not just practiced but seen to be practiced! A new line of 'ceremonials', all bedecked with ostrich-plumed fezzes and/or leopard skin head gear, matched with the equally esoteric gold-lined robes or lion skins, marked the occasion. All these ceremonial gentlemen who were intended to stand for president only turned up to witness the occasion, with none of them attempting to stand for the office! Indeed none of them was expected to do so in the first place! They only fulfilled their first function as ceremonial 'heads' to give everybody satisfaction that uneven development in Uganda didn't exist, since each district had a 'king'!

The only other 'ruler' expected to stand was Nadiope, the Kyabazinga of Busoga and also vice-president of UPC. King Mutesa was so sure of his own victory, which had been assured him by Obote before hand, that he refers in his biography to Nadiope's nomination as 'comedy before election', because 'Uncle Billy' had stood and demanded to be treated seriously. He brushed aside his nomination in one sentence: 'Perhaps in an unguarded moment someone had made him some promise.' In fact Nadiope was put forward by a majority of the UPC parliamentary majority as a candidate for president, and Obote only obtained King Mutesa's assured nomination after threatening to resign as prime minister at this rather early stage of the country's independence, which took everybody by surprise. Since his resignation could not have been contemplated at this stage, King Mutesa was correct in assuming his victory, 'knowing that in this case I had the full support of the prime minister and was thus almost certain to be elected.'

Since some of the parties to the alliance believed in it, it was clear that the arrangement was purely for convenience and temporary. Efforts to reactivate the alliance between May and August 1964 failed, and the alliance remained dead as dodo. King Mutesa concluded: 'In September 1964 the alliance between K.Y and UPC was formerly broken. It had long been dead in spirit.... Obote nolonger had no need for us.'

Equally, King Mutesa had no longer need for Obote, for in Ibingira he had found a more reliable' alliance which would oust Obote. King Mutesa now began on a new campaign to solidify the alliance between the right-wing forces in the UPC and KY, in order to remain president with powers. But for now the alliance which had 'long been dead in spirit', died in body as well, and prepared the ground for its burial with a 'revolution'



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