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Post by sol_drethedon on Tue Jul 17, 2012 9:27 pm

While it was possible to stand by the UPC in its effort to win independence for Uganda at this time, it also became increasingly clear with the passage of time that its petty-bourgeois narrowness of interest could not advance unity among the people of Uganda. Such unity was only possible in the basis of a continued anti-imperialist struggle of the people of Uganda as a whole for therein lay the fundamental interest of workers and peasants of Uganda to attain the economic equality they sought. The narrow interest of the petty bourgeoisie in UPC, just like their KY counterparts, excluded this possibility.

The petty rivalry was not restricted to the contradiction between the UPC and the KY alone. It almost manifested itself within the UPC itself, as within the KY also. We were to see more of these internal rivalries come out in the open in 1964/5. but already at the time of working out the alliance it became increasingly clear that a compradorial faction within the UPC, led by Ibingira, stood more in favor of the alliance than the more democratic faction led by Obote and Kakonge, the secretary general

Ibingira, who claims to tell us the 'truth', and who also claims to have been the brains behind the alliance, point out that Obote at first appeared not in favor of the alliance. Later however he accepted it, apparently because already Ibingira was plotting his removal with Nadiope. Nevertheless, Ibingira confirms that the basis of the alliance was religious. According to him, since protestant KY and UPC 'shared a common history and a similar tradition imparted by the same educational background', this made it easier 'to establish a modus vivendi' between the two parties. but the real interest, it must be emphasized, was not religious but economic and the religious element was merely being brought out for this purpose.

For the time being, however, thisa hatched-up alliance went through strains and stresses. the first test was when UPC decided to contest a number of seats at a by-elections in Buganda in 1963. King Mutesa this as a serious challenge, but forgot mainly because the UPC lost! Within KY itself the solidarity of movement was beginning to crack again, reflecting the narrow material interests of its members The leading elements among the 'advanced men', having had their positions assured in the Uganda government as ministers, soon disassociated themselves from the separatism of King Mutesa. In a pamphlet entitled 'Fresh political approach in Buganda', Luyimbaazi-Zaake, Amos Ssempa (the arch separatist), Mayanja-Nkanji, later to become katikkiro in Buganda, and others, called for the merger of UPC and KY and reminded those who did not know-it and particularly those who had forgotten it that Buganda was part of Uganda and so it will remain forever. This flash of wisdom which should have come to them earlier is instructive in showing the way the petty bourgeoisie treated matters that involved the interests of masses of the people. For, as Marx correctly observed of them in his critique of Proudhon:

" Charlatanism in science and accommodation in politics are inseparable. there remains only one governing motive, the vanity of the subject, and the only question for (them) as for all vain people is the success of the moment, the attention of the day."

Thus our former separatists, now turned Unitarians- but only for the moment-'unity' was the word! Many of them stood for separatism again in 1966, having lost their positions in the Obote government; they now ordered the Uganda government to pack up and leave Buganda alone.




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