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THE 1966 CRISIS; 'REVOLUTION' STOOD ON ITS HEAD (IV)

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THE 1966 CRISIS; 'REVOLUTION' STOOD ON ITS HEAD (IV)

Post by sol_drethedon on Mon Jul 30, 2012 6:44 pm

With King Mutesa out of the way and Ibingira in the dungeons, Obote now consolidated his power. With confidence regained and with Amin now army commander (Opolot having been arrested and detained as well), he drafted a new 'republican' constitution, which was debated and passed in 1967. Under the new Constitution, all executive powers were concentrated in the president's hands. The political atmosphere calmed superficially. No party conferences were held, no youth league activity- this having been effectively dissolved and replaced by a new organization, The National Union Of Youth Organizations (NUYO). A state of emergency was extended every six months, and threatening political opponents in Buganda were detained under emergency regulations. A stream of DP MP's continued to cross over to the UPC, and with a bulging majority, Obote had every reason to feel proud of his successful tactics. Indeed it was a 'revolution', but one that stood on its head with no mass support. During v1968 Obote felt comfortable enough to hold a party conference. Later he declared:

" The Uganda revolution of 1966 was a revolution of the masses against the forces of feudalism and tribalism whose design was tom divide Uganda into personal domains with the aid of imperialist forces outside Uganda."

He forgot that King Mutesa was no longer a feudalist but a petty bourgeoisie monarch, and that even if he had succeeded in replacing Obote, Buganda or Uganda being a neocolony could not have been turned into his personal domain. He forgot that he himself being a petty bourgeois, could not turn Uganda into anything other than a neocolony, and that he too was supported by imperialist forces. When the 1966 'republican' Constitution was challenged by Matovu, he argued through his attorney general that the 1967 Constitution was valid because it was brought about by a 'revolution'. The high court agreed, with legal Authority cited from Pakistan and the United States, that effective use of force to remove a government creates a legal order, and that revolution had taken place 'in fact as well as in law'. Obote forgot this when similar action was taken against him by Amin. He forgot that effective use of violence had removed him and that this was valid in law as well as in fact, according to the Ugandan law he helped write in that judgment.

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sol_drethedon

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